WAVE or WAV format is the short form of the Wave Audio File Format (rarely referred to as the audio for Windows). WAV format compatible with Windows, Macintosh or Linux. Despite the fact that the WAV file can hold compressed audio, the most common use is to store it is just an uncompressed audio in linear PCM (LPCM). The standard format of Audio-CD, for example, is the audio in LPCM, 2-channel, sampling frequency of 44,100 Hz and 16 bits per sample.
As a format, derived from the Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF), WAV-files can have metadata (tags) in the chunk INFO. In addition, the WAV files can contain metadata standard Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP).
Uncompressed WAV files are quite large in size, so, as file sharing over the Internet has become popular, the WAV format has declined in popularity. However, it is still a widely used, relatively "pure", i.e. lossless, file type, suitable for retaining "first generation" archived files of high quality, or use on a system where high fidelity sound is required and disk space is not restricted.
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